Foto: Ugo Maia Andrade,1998


  • Other names
  • Where they are How many

    BA1.195 (Siasi/Sesai, 2014)
  • Linguistic family


In December, 2001, the Funai included the Tumbalalá in the roster of indigenous communities recognized and assisted by the Brazilian state. Official recognition occurred after mobilization began in mid-1998 directed towards the adoption of projects of collective articulation that focused on a history, destiny and common origins for the people who today form a community with social frontiers in process and still without a territory demarcated. Inhabiting the back-country of Pambú, an area on the Bahian bank of the lower-to-mid São Francisco occupied in the past by various indigenous missions and the target of extensive cattle raising during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries, the Tumbalalá are historically connected to an extensive indigenous network of interethnic communication, thus being part and parcel of regional relations of ritual and political trade that sustain their ethnogenesis on the plane of emerging indigenous identities and place them in the ethnographic domain of the Indians of the Brazilian Northeast.