Foto: Maria Cristina Troncarelli, 2000


  • Other names
  • Where they are How many

    MT258 (Siasi/Sesai, 2014)
  • Linguistic family


The Trumai are considered to be one of the last groups to have arrived in the area of the upper Xingu River, in the first half of the 19th Century. They inhabit the central region of the Indigenous Park of the Xingu, a region adjacent to the cultural complex known as the Upper Xingu, whose peoples, despite their linguistic differences, share a series of cultural characteristics and are articulated in a network of specializations in trade and intersocietal rituals. The Trumai, for their part, feel that they are on the margins of this system, not being recognized by, nor they recognizing themselves as absolutely integrated into it. Nevertheless, they end up being influenced by, and influencing a series of upper Xingu customs related to rituals, material culture and productive activities.