Foto: Denise Fajardo Grupioni, 2001

Tiriyó

  • Autodenominação
    Wü tarëno, Txukuyana, Ewarhuyana, Akuriyó
  • Where they are How many

    PA1.715 (Siasi/Sesai, 2014)
    Suriname1.845 (Ellen-Rose Kambel, 2006)
  • Linguistic family
    Karib

Introduction

The Tiriyó living in Brazil have shared the western portion of the Tumucumaque Indigenous Park (T.I.P.) from the end of the 1960s with the Katxuyana and Txikuyana groups, as well as members of the Ewarhuyana and Akuriyó groups. Some Tiriyó families are located in the eastern portion of the T.I.P., living in closer interaction with the Aparai and Wayana occupying the middle and upper courses of the Paru de Leste river. In Suriname, where they live in greater number than in Brazil, the Tiriyó are located on the Tapanahoni, Sipariweni and Paroemeu rivers.

The Tiriyó experience of coexisting with non-Indians, both in Brazil and Suriname, occurred relatively recently from the 1950s onwards following the arrival of military personnel and missionaries. Other government and non-government agencies have also been working in the region since the 1990s.