Foto: José Luiz de Souza, 2004.


  • Other names
    Kinikinao, Kinikinawa, Guaná
  • Where they are How many

    MS600 (Rosaldo Sousa, 2016)
  • Linguistic family


There was a time when nobody spoke of our existence anymore, but among ourselves we were always aware of our true origin."

Forced to renounce their Kinikinau identity and persuaded by the official indigenist organization, for a very long time, to declare themselves Terena Indians, with whom they possess close historical and cultural ties, over recent years the Kinikinau have been demanding recognition of their ethnic distinctiveness and the recovery of part of their traditional territory.