Foto: José Carlos Meirelles, s/d


  • Other names
  • Where they are How many

    AM, RO445 (Siasi/Sesai, 2014)
  • Linguistic family


The Kaxarari live on the border between Rondônia and Amazonas, close to the BR-364 federal highway. In 1910 they occupied the headwaters of the Curequeté river, an affluent of the Ituxy river, and their population was estimated at around 2,000 people. From this time until the start of the 1980s the Kaxarari, due to the violent attacks perpetrated by Peruvian caucho rubber extractors and Brazilian rubber tappers, as well as the epidemics, became reduced to less than 200 people. Over the following decades there has been a slight population increase. The Kaxarari throughout the 20th century had to relocate through the region in search of better living conditions since their lands have been a continual target of predatory actions by non-Indians seeking to exploit the natural resources found locally, especially latex, Brazil nuts, timber and precious stones.