Foto: Priscila Faulhaber Barbosa, 1985

Kambeba

  • Other names
    Cambemba, Omaguá
  • Where they are How many

    AM875 (Siasi/Sesai, 2014)
    Peru3.500 (Benedito Maciel, 1994)
  • Linguistic family
    Tupi-Guarani

Introduction

The Kambeba – also known as the Omágua, principally in Peru – are one of those groups that in Brazilian Amazonia ceased to identify themselves as indigenous due to the violence and discrimination perpetrated by non-indigenous people in the region since the mid 18th century. It was the growth of the indigenous movement from the 1980s onwards, and in particular the clear recognition of indigenous rights by the 1988 Constitution and the multiplication of indigenous organizations, that encouraged the Kambeba to begin to reaffirm themselves as Indians and fight for indigenous causes. Since then they have assumed a prominent position in the region due to their considerable capacity for political negotiation and liaison with other indigenous groups, government agencies and both religious and secular non-governmental organizations from the surrounding national society.