Foto: Curt Nimuendaju, 1937


  • Autodenominação
  • Where they are How many

    TO2.277 (Siasi/Sesai, 2014)
  • Linguistic family


The Apinajé are classified as Western Timbira and are characterized by a sophisticated social organization comprised of various systems of ceremonial moieties and relatively populous villages. In the second half of the 20th Century, however, they suffered major depopulation and social disorganization, when their territory was invaded by hundreds of migrant families and they had their lands cut by highways, such as the Belém-Brasília and the Trans-Amazonian highways (see "History of contact"). The route of the Trans-Amazon directly led to the exclusion of a part of their traditional territory during the official demarcation of their lands, which they have been trying to recover.