Foto: Maria Cristina Troncarelli, 2000


  • Other names
  • Where they are How many

    MT258 (Siasi/Sesai, 2014)
  • Linguistic family



The Trumai are given credit for introducing two cerimonial cycles in the upper Xingu: the Jawari and the Tawarawan'. Even when they had intense contact with the peoples of the upper Xingu, for a long time the Trumai did not participate in the Kwarup cerimonies. It is said that, in the first Kwarup in which they were present, the ritual posts became alive and held on to them with violence. After that time, they did not want to participate in the festival anymore. In 1966, however, the Trumai chief Nituary sang at the Kwarup for Leonardo Villas-Bôas, a celebration which brought together all the peoples of the upper Xingu.

The Jawari is a ritual dedicated to the dead warriors, the central event of which is the dart throwing contest using a dart-propeller, in the midst of an extensive set of songs and episodes of polemic dialogues. The Jawari brings together symbols of war and peace; at the same time it constructs the space for double alliance with enemies and with women.

The Tawarawan', in turn, is a happy festival, in which the men dance in the morning decorated with buriti straw fibre and banana leaves, feather crowns and leaves of a sweet-smelling tree (rikáda xudak) on their arms and covering their faces. The women are painted and dance on foot, alone, following the steps of the men. Later, they dance hanging on to the point of the men's straw skirt and then they dance in circles with the men. There are two musicians and singers who remain seated, one of them shaking a rattle and the other beating a kind of wooden drum.