Foto: Leonardo Prado, 2007.

Guarani Ñandeva

  • Other names
    Ava-Chiripá, Ava-Guarani, Xiripá, Tupi-Guarani
  • Where they are How many

    Argentina1.000 (CTI/G. Grünberg, 2008)
    MS, PR, RS, SC, SP13.000 (Funasa, Funai, 2008)
    Paraguai2.393 (II Censo Nacional de Poblacion y Viviendas, 2012)
  • Linguistic family


Three aspects of Guarani life express an identity that gives them a specificity among other indigenous peoples, shaping and creating a “Guarani way of being": a) the ava ñe'ë (ava: Guarani person, man; ñe'ë: a word that is confused with "soul") or speech, language, that defines identity in verbal communication; b) the tamõi (grandfather) or common mythical ancestors and c) the ava reko (teko: "being/essence, state of life, condition, custom, law, habit") or behavior in society, which is sustained through a mythological and ideological framework. These aspects inform the ava (Guarani Man) how to understand experienced situations and the world that surrounds him/her, providing guidelines and reference points for his/her social conduct (Susnik, 1980:12).

There are, however, differences among the Guarani subgroups living in Brazil – the Ñandeva, Kaiowa and Mbya, differences in the linguistic forms, customs, ritual practices, social and political organization, religious orientation, as well as specific forms for interpreting the reality they experience and for interacting according to situations in their history and their present-day circumstances. This entry provides information specifically on the Ñandeva and Kaiowa groups. There is a specific entry on the Mbya Guarani.

Direct contact

Aty Guasu's Blog Guarani Kaiowá

Aty Guasu's page on Facebook

Guarani campaign Povo Guarani, Grande Povo - Terra, Vida e Futuro -

Collaborative and bilingual website Teko Arandu -

Associação de Jovens Indígenas de Dourados
(Association of the Indigenous Youth of Dourados)  -   [in portuguese]