Foto: Vincent Carelli, 1982

Galibi do Oiapoque

  • Other names
    Galibi, Kalinã
  • Where they are How many

    AP88 (Siasi/Sesai, 2014)
    Guiana Francesa3.000 (OkaMag, 2002)
    Suriname3.000 (OkaMag, 2002)
    Venezuela33.824 (XIV Censo Nacional de Poblacion y Viviendas, 2011)
  • Linguistic family
    Karib

Introduction

Even though they come from Maná, in French Guiana, the Galibi Indians are considered Brazilians. It is the nationality that they declare and they say that they never want to leave the lands they occupy on the Oiapoque. In the 1950s and 60s, on several occasions, the French authorities tried to convince them to return to Guiana, but they never accepted the proposal. The history of the migration of this group to Brazil, following misunderstandings with affinal kin in their original village, is a quite peculiar saga. They were well-received, upon arrival, by the Brazilian authorities, and always had the support of the SPI employees, like Eurico Fernandes, the first Inspector of this agency in the region, and the anthropologist Expedito Arnaud, and also the friendship of the military in Clevelândia do Norte. For these reasons, their lands were quickly homologated.