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- Other names
Where they are How many MT 81 (Fiorini, 2003)
- Linguistic family
Ancient inhabitants of the areas surrounding the confluence of the Culuene and Sete de Setembro rivers, the Naruvotu were forced to abandon their traditional territory following intense contact with the non-indigenous population, especially following the Roncador-Xingu Expedition, which pursuaded various peoples of the Upper Xingu region to relocate to the area that would later form the Xingu Indigenous Park. After two large epidemics struck the region in 1946 and 1954, the Naruvotu were reduced to a dozen people who, looking to ensure their physical and cultural survival, went to live in the villages of other groups such as the Kalapalo and the Kuikuro. Indigenists even claimed that the Naruvotu had become extinct. However the survivors were still living among these other Upper Xingu peoples. Because of this complex situation, the fight to identify and demarcate the Naruvotu territory began relatively late. The Pequizal do Naruvotu Indigenous Land was finally identified and approved by FUNAI in 2006.