Foto: Eliane Motta, 1984

Makuxi

  • Autodenominação
    Pemon
  • Where they are How many

    RR29.931 (Funasa, 2010)
    Guiana9.500 (Guiana, 2001)
    Venezuela83 (INEI, 2001)
  • Linguistic family
    Karib

Introduction

Inhabitants of a border region, the Macuxi have been facing adverse situations since at least the 18th century due to the non-indigenous occupation of the region, initially involving mission villages and forced migrations, later the advance of extraction fronts and farming, and more recently the arrival of prospectors and the proliferation of illegal land sellers in their territory. They have fought for decades, along with other peoples from the region, in one of the biggest impasses in terms of the materialization of indigenous rights in contemporary Brazil, for the ratification of the Raposa Serra do Sol Indigenous Territory, which occurred in 2005, and then for the eviction of non-indigenous occupants, finally resolved after the trial conducted by Brazilian Supreme Court in 2009, which confirmed the ratification and the eviction of non-indigenous occupants.