Foto: Priscila Matta, 2003

Kokama

  • Other names
    Cocama, Kocama
  • Where they are How many

    AM9.636 (Funasa, 2010)
    Colombia236 (1988)
    Peru11.370 (INEI, 2007)
  • Linguistic family
    Tupi-Guarani

Introduction

Inhabitants of the Solimões, contact between the Kokama and non-indigenous society can be traced back to the first decades of colonization. The forced displacements and re-settlements, initially imposed by the missions and later by the various waves of extractivists, ended up creating such an adverse context of physical and cultural reproduction for these groups that it prompted them to deny their indigenous identity for many decades. Since the 1980s, though, Kokama identity has been increasingly valorized in their political fights – which include other indigenous peoples from the Solimões river – for land and access to specially targeted programs for healthcare, education and economic alternatives.