Foto: José Carlos Meirelles, s/d

Kaxarari

  • Other names
    Caxarari
  • Where they are How many

    AM, RO318 (Funasa, 2010)
  • Linguistic family
    Pano

Location

The Kaxarari today live in four villages – Marmelinho, Barrinha, Paxiúba and Pedreira – all located within the Kaxarari Indigenous Territory on the border of the states of Amazonas and Rondônia. The area occupied by the Kaxarari is close to the municipalities of Lábrea, Porto Velho and Extrema, and can be accessed over land via the BR-364 highway between Rio Branco and Porto Velho.

According to the report by Terri Vale de Aquino, in 1910 João Alberto Masô located the Kaxarari on the headwaters of the Curequeté creek, an affluent of the right shore of the Ituxy river.

The older Kaxarari state that their malocas were traditionally sited not only near the sources of the Curequeté but also on other rivers and creeks in the region.

In the mid 1980s the biggest population concentration was located on the shores of the Azul river at the sites called Maloca and Boca da Barrinha. Some families were found at the confluence of the Vermelho river and the Marmelo, along the BR-364 and in various urban centres in the region (Rio Branco, Porto Velho and Guajará-Mirim).

(Aquino 1984)

Between the end of the 1980s and the start of the 1990s the Kaxarari domestic groups living in the villages of Azul and Barrinha moved to the Pedreiras area (built at the end of the 1980s by the Mendes Junior construction firm for large-scale production of stones and gravel to be used to pave the BR-364 highway and for civil construction in Rio Branco).

The relocation of the Kaxarari and the occupation of the Pedreiras area was a form of paralyzing the predatory activities that the Mendes Junior construction firm had been pursuing in the region (see the section Fight for land demarcation).

(Funai 1997)