Foto: Vladimir Kozak, Museu Paranaense. S.d.

Karajá

  • Autodenominação
    Iny
  • Where they are How many

    GO, MT, PA, TO3.198 (Funasa, 2010)
  • Linguistic family
    Karajá

Demography

An idea of the group’s population numbers may be obtained from the following years and data:

 

Karajá Population

Year

Source

Karajá

Javaé

Xambioá

TOTAL

   

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815

795

1.406

1.588

1.900

±1.500

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750

±841

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250

202

7,000 to 8,000

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2.900

±2.593

1775

1908

1939

1980

1990

1995

1997

Fonseca 1920

Krause 1908: 238

Lipkind 1948: 180

Toral 1992: 27

Toral 1992: 41

ISA 1996: vii

Braggio 1997

 

 Despite the intense contact with non-indigenous Brazilian society, an increase in population size has been registered among those Karajá who continue to live in their traditional territory. The villages of each subgroup are distributed in the following way:

The Karajá subgroup is formed by the Aruanã community (Goiás) which numbers approximately 50 people (more recent data indicates that this village took in another section of the Karajá following land demarcation and now totals some 70 people), by the villages of Isabel do Morro, Fontoura, Macacúba and São Raimundo on the western half of the Ilha do Bananal, by smaller villages such as São Domingos and also by two small villages close to the Tapirapé river, as well as small groups located below the northern tip of the island, totalling approximately 1,500 people (Braggio 1997).

The Javaé subgroup on the shores of the Javaés river (a branch of the Araguaia circling the eastern shore of the Ilha do Bananal) and in the island's interior comprises about 841 people, distributed in six communities in the municipalities of Formoso do Araguaia, Cristalândia and Araguaçu (Braggio 1997).

The Xambioá subgroup has two villages with 202 individuals (Braggio 1997) on the lower Araguaia.