Foto: Edmundo Peggion, 1999

Juma

  • Other names
    Yuma
  • Where they are How many

    RO4 (Luciana França, 2010)
  • Linguistic family
    Tupi-Guarani

Introduction

The Juma belong to a group of peoples, of the Tupi-Guarani language family, called Kagwahiva. In the XVIIIth Century, it is probable that the Juma had a population of between 12 and 15 thousand Indians. After successive massacres and the expansion of extractivist industries, their population was reduced to a few dozen people in the 1960s. In 2002 there were only five individuals left: a father with his three daughters and a granddaughter.