Foto: Vincent Carelli, 1980

Guajajara

  • Autodenominação
    Guajajara, Tenetehara
  • Where they are How many

    MA26.040 (Siasi/Sesai, 2012)
  • Linguistic family
    Tupi-Guarani

Introduction

The Guajajara are one of Brazil's most numerous indigenous peoples. They live in 11 Indigenous Lands at the eastern margin of the Amazon region, all of them located in Maranhão State. Their history of more than 380 years of contacts is marked by both approaches to whites and total refusals, submissions, revolts, and great tragedies. The 1901 revolt against Capuchin missionaries provoked the last "war against the Indians" in Brazilian history.