- Other names
Where they are How many PE, BA 7.929 (Siasi/Sesai, 2012)
- Linguistic family
Location, demography, juridical aspects
In the Atikum Indigenous Land there are currently twenty villages (or sítios, as the Indians prefer), among them Alto do Umã (where the Indigenous Post is located), Olho d'Água do Padre, Casa de Telha, Jatobá, Samambaia, Sabonete, Lagoa Cercada, Oiticica, Areia dos Pedros, Serra da Lagoinha, Jacaré, Bom Jesus, Baixão, Estreito, Mulungu, Boa Vista and Angico. According to the Fundação Nacional do Índio - National Foundation for the Indian - (Funai)'s "Memorial descritivo de delimitação (AI Atikum)" (Descriptive Memorial for Delimitation of the Atikum Indigenous Area), of 1989, the unit had a population of 3,582 individuals. According to the official cartography, their area is located in the regions of the Crioulas and Umã Hills, in the limits of the present-day municipality of Carnaubeira da Penha, in the sertão (interior) of the State of Pernambuco. The Indians, however, appoint the Umã Hills as their territory.
With the emancipation of Carnaubeira da Penha, in October of 1991, from Floresta (to which the indigenous area, 54 kilometers from the city, used to belong), two districts were created in the new municipality, in addition to the town of Carnaubeira proper, distant 13 kilometers from the Indigenous Post: Barra do Silva and Olho d'Água do Padre. The latter is an important Atikum village inside the indigenous area, where, since the creation of the reservation, is held a Sunday market visited by non-Indians as well, who exchange products and carry out political campaign at the time of elections. Posseiros (illegal settlers) and farmers are constantly in the Atikum area.