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The expression "indigenous policies" was used for a long time referring to each and every political action, governmental or not, which would have Native Brazilian populations as its object. However, several changes in the native field demand a more precise and less ambiguous definition of what indigenous policy may be.
The progressive development of the Native Brazilian movement and the consequent increase in number and diversity of native organizations, run by the Native Brazilians themselves point to the first distinction in the native universe: the indigenous policy adopted by the Native Brazilians themselves (see the indigenous organizations section) should not be mistaken for the native policy, nor is the former submitted to the latter.
By and large, it is understood that the native policy specifically refers to acts in benefit of Native Brazilian peoples causing deep impact on their lifestyle and everyday life. Such acts, however, are proposed and elaborated by other social agents. And who are they?