Previous Constitutions

All the constitutions of the republican period, except the omission of the Constitution of 1891, recognized the Indigenous Community rights over the territories they inhabit:

The Constitution of 1934

"Art. 129 – The possession and occupation and rights to the land of the indigenous communities where they are permanently located will be respected, and it is prohibited to sell or encumber their rights to the land in any way, shape or form."

The Constitution of 1937

"Art. 154 –The possession and occupation and rights to the land of the indigenous communities where they are permanently located will be respected, and it is prohibited to sell or encumber their rights to the land in any way, shape or form."

The Constitution of 1946

"Art. 216 – The possession and occupation and rights to the land of the indigenous communities where they are permanently located will be respected, on the condition that they do not transfer their rights to the land."

The Constitution of 1967

"Art. 186 – The possession and occupation and rights to the land of the indigenous communities where they are permanently located is recognized, as well as their exclusive y rights to use the land and the natural resources and all the utilities existing therein.”

Constitutional Amendment 1/ 1969


"Art. 198 – The lands inhabited by the indigenous communities cannot be encumbered or transferred in the terms that the federal law specifies, The possession and occupation and rights to the land of the indigenous communities where they are permanently located is recognized, as well as their exclusive rights to the utilization of the natural resources and all the utilities existing therein.".